Mool Mantar-The Entire Theology Of Sikhism

The Mool Mantar is the most important composition contained within the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of the Sikhs; it is the basis of Sikhism. The word "Mool" means "main", "root" or "chief" and "Mantar" means "magic chant" or "magic portion".

Sikh Bhagats: Bhagat Pipa Ji

Bhagat Pipa Ji is deeply respected by the Sikhs because Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji included his one hymn in Sri Adi Granth Sahib compiled by him. As stated in Guru Granth Sanket Kosh in the history of  Mewar Rajasthan Pipa Ji was Chauhan by caste, was king of Gagraun Garh and that he was a contemporary of Rana Kumbha. Bhagat Pipa Ji also known as Pratap Singh Raja Pipa Ji, Rao Pipa, Sardar Pipa, Sant Pipa Ji, Pipa Bairagi, Pipanand Acharya and King Pipa.

Holla Mahalla: A Colourful Festival of the Sikhs

Holla Mahalla, which is sometimes termed as ‘Holla’ is a Sikh festival. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666-1708) the tenth prophet-teacher of the Sikhs started Holla Mohalla a kind of March on Chet vadi 1 (the day after the full moon day), 1757 Bikrami of the lunar month of chet,the first desi month in the lunar calendar i.e. 22 February 1701 from Quilla Holgarh Sahib, Sri Anandpur Sahib, which now falls in Ropar District of Punjab.


BhagatRavidas Ji (1377-1527) was born born to Raghu Ji and Ghurbinia Ji at Seer Goverdhanpur in Varanasi(also known as Banaras), Uttar Pardesh. In his sacred memory, at his birth place Shri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan Mandir has been established. The picture of this Mandir is being given at the end of this write-up. Throughout the year his followers visit this Mandir to pay respect to him and especially on his birthday lacs of his followers visit this sacred place to pay their obeisance. This year i.e. in 2021 his birthday falls on February 27 and will be celebrated all over the world.


Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib (1630-1661) the seventh Guru of the Sikh faith was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib in District Ropar of Punjab. He was the son of Baba Gurditta Ji (1613-1638) and grandson of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib (1595-1644) the sixth Guru of the Sikh faith.

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Sarbans Danee

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666-1708) the Tenth Master of the Sikhs, reverently known as 'Sarbans Danee' i.e. a person who sacrificed his 'sarbans' (whole family) for helping the oppressed and protecting a person's right to profess the religion of his own choice. He was born the only son of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib and Mata Gujri Ji on Poh Sudi 7 (23 Poh) Saturday, 1723 Bikrimi i.e. 22 December, 1666 at Patna Sahib, 
Bihar.At this site now stands the sacred shrine Takht Sri Harimandir Sahib which is one of the Five Takhts, the most honoured seats close to the hearts of Sikhs. Every incident of his life reveals his love for humanity, help of the down-trodden and upholding a person's freedom to follow a religion of his own choice.

Punjab Govt to celebrate 400th birth anniversary of Guru Teg Bahadur on theme 'Guru Teg Bahadur-Hind Di Chadar'

Punjab government is going to celebrate the 400th birth anniversary of Sikh Guru Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and will make efforts to spread the message of national integration by organising special programs from April 28 to May 1 on 'Guru Teg Bahadur-Hind Di Chadar'.

ਅਦ ੁੱਤੀ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ : ਸਾਹਹਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਹਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਸਾਹਹਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਫਹਤਹ ਹਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ

ਹਸੁੱਖ ਧਰਮ ਹਵਚ ਸਾਹਹਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਹਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਸਾਹਹਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਫਹਤਹ ਹਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਹੀਦੀ ਲੂਿੰ ਕਿੰਡੇ ਖੜ੍ਹੇ ਕਰਨ ਵਾਲੀ ਇਕ ਅਦ ੁੱਤੀ ਹਮਸਾਲ ਹੈ। ਇਹ ਦੋਵੇਂ ਹਨਧੜ੍ਕ ਸੂਰਬੀਰ ਬਾਲਕ ਸਰੀ ਗ ਰੂ ਗੋਹਬਿੰਦ ਹਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਦੇ ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਹਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਸਨ ਹਜਨਹਾਾਂ ਦਾ ਜਨਮ ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀਤੋ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਕ ੁੱਖੋਂ ਕ੍ਰਮਵਾਰ 17 ਨਵਿੰਬਰ, 1696 ਅਤੇ 25 ਫਰਵਰੀ, 1699 ਨੂਿੰ ਆਨਿੰਦਪ ਰ ਸਾਹਹਬ ਹਵਖੇ ਹੋਇਆ। 5 ਦਸਿੰਬਰ, 1700 ਨੂਿੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀ ਬੀਬੀ ਜੀਤੋ ਜੀ ਦੇ ਅਕਾਲਚਲਾਣਾ ਕਰ ਜਾਣ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਇਨਹਾਾਂ ਦੋਹਾਾਂ ਨੂਿੰ ਇਨਹਾਾਂ ਦੀ ਦਾਦੀ ਮਾਤਾ, ਮਾਤਾ ਗ ਜਰੀ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਪਾਹਲਆ। ਉਨਹਾਾਂ ਨੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਦਾਦਾ-ਗ ਰੂ ਸਰੀ ਗ ਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦਰ ਸਾਹਹਬ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਹੀਦੀ ਤੋਂ 30 ਸਾਲ ਬਾਅਦ ਉਨਹਾਾਂ ਦੇ ਨਕਸ਼ੇ ਕਦਮਾਾਂ `ਤੇ ਚੁੱਲਹਦਆਾਂ ਹੋਇਆਾਂ ਲੋਕਾਾਂ ਨੂਿੰ ਆਪਣਾ ਧਰਮ ਮਨਾ ਸਕਣ ਦੀ ਖ ਲਹ ਪਰਦਾਨ ਕਰਵਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਕ੍ਰਮਵਾਰ 9 ਸਾਲ ਤੇ 7 ਸਾਲ ਦੀ ਉਮਰ ਹਵਚ ਇਕ ਬੇਹਮਸਾਲ ਘਟਨਾ ਕਰ ਹਦਖਾਈ।

An Unprescedented Martyrdom : Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji

The martyrdom of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji, the two younger sons of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the Tenth Master of the Sikhs, born to Mata Jito Ji, which took place on December 12, 1705 is an unprecedented event and a major landmark in the history of Sikhs. Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji, born on 17 November 1696 and 25 February, 1699 respectively at Anandpur Sahib, District Ropar, Punjab, following the foot-steps of their paternal grandfather Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the Ninth Sikh Guru sacrificed their lives for upholding a person's right to freedom of religion. Because of the death of their mother Mata Jito Ji on 5 December, 1700 these two children had been brought up by their paternal grandmother Mata Gujri Ji.

Sis Yatra of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib: Voyage of the Severed Sacred Head

Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the ninth prophet-teacher of the Sikhs was cruelly martyred by be heading him on November 11, 1675 in Chandni Chowk, Delhi under the orders of Emperor Aurangzeb. Besides martyring Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, Aurangzeb also passed orders that the whole family of the person who goes near the deceased's body will be annihilated.


Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the Ninth Guru (Revealer of the Sikh faith) of the Sikhs was born on Baisakh vadi 5, 1678 Birkimi i.e. April 1, 1621 in Amritsar, Punjab. He was the youngest of the five sons of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib, the Sixth Guru of the Sikhs and Bibi Nanaki. His childhood name was Tyag Mal, tyag means 'giving away' or parting with what one possesses. As a small child he gave away his clothes to a poor child in charity. On being asked by his mother as to whyhe had done so, he promptly answered that no one else would have given 'that boy' any clothes whereas you will immediately give me new clothes. From his early childhood, he was very humble,religious and detached from wordly possessions.

Bhagat Bhikhan Ji — A Sclolar and Learned Sufi Faqir

Bhagat Bhikhan Ji is among the fifteen bhagats whose hymns Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji included in Sri Adi Granth Sahib compiled by him. In this Holy Scripture in addition to including the hymns of his four predecessor Gurus and his own hymns he included the hymns of 15 Bhagats , 11 Bhatts and four other holy men associated with the Sikh Gurus.

Bhagat Beni Ji, The Most Respected Amongst The Sikhs

Bhagat Beni Ji is deeply respected by the Sikhs because he is among the 15 bhagats whose hymns Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji included in the Holy Scripture the Adi Granth Sahib compiled by him . In  compiling  this Holy Scripture Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in addition to the hymns of his four predecessor Sikh Gurus and his own hymns included the hymns of 15 bhagats, 11 bhatts and four others closely associated with the Sikh Gurus.These fifteen Bhagats include (i) Bhagat Jaidev Ji (ii) Sheikh Farid Ji (iii) Bhagat Trilochan Ji (iv) Bhagat Namdev Ji (v) Bhagat Sadhna Ji (vi) Bhagat  Ramanand Ji (vii) Bhagat Ravidas Ji (viii) Bhagat Kabir Ji (ix) Bhagat Sain Ji(x) Bhagat Dhanna Ji (xi) Bhagat Pipa Ji (xii) Bhagat Beni Ji (xiii) Bhagat Bhikhan Ji (xiv)Bhagat Surdas Ji and (xv) Bhagat Permanand Ji .

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਦਾ ਬਹੁ-ਪੱਖੀ ਯੋਗਦਾਨ

ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਦਾ ਬਹੁ-ਪੱਖੀ ਯੋਗਦਾਨ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ,ਸਿੱਖ ਧਰਮ ਦੇ ਬਾਨੀ, ਸੰਸਾਰ ਵਿੱਚੋਂ ਹਨੇਰਾ ਦੂਰ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਚਾਨਣ ਫੈਲਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਪੈਗੰਬਰ ਦਾ ਜਨਮ 1469 ਈ. ਵਿਚ ਦੇਸੀ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਕੱਤਕ ਦੀ ਪੂਰਨਮਾਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਬੇਦੀ ਖੱਤਰੀ ਮਹਿਤਾ ਕਾਲੂ ਜੀ ਦੇ ਘਰ ਮਾਤਾ ਤਰਿਪਤਾ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਕੁੱਖੋਂ ਰਾਇ ਭੋਇ ਦੀ ਤਲਵੰਡੀ,ਜਿਲ੍ਹਾ ਸ਼ਖੂਪੁਰਾ ਜੋ ਕਿ ਲਾਹੌਰ ਤੋਂ ਦੱਖਣ-ਪੱਛਮ ਵੱਲ ਤਕਰੀਬਨ 75 ਕਿਲੋਮੀਟਰ ਦੀ ਦੂਰੀ ‘ਤੇ ਹੁਣ ਪਾਕਿਸਤਾਨ ਵਿਚ ਸਥਿਤ ਹੈ, ਵਿਖੇ ਹੋਇਆ।ਮਹਿਤਾ ਕਾਲੂ ਜੀ ਪਟਵਾਰੀ ਦੀ ਉੱਚ ਪਦਵੀ ਤੇ ਸਨ| ਹੁਣ ਇਸ ਅਸਥਾਨ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ‘ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ’ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਹੁਣ ਇਸ ਜਿਲ੍ਹੇ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਵੀ ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਹੈ| ਕੁਝ ਹੋਰ ਇਤਿਹਾਸਕਾਰ ਆਪ ਦਾ ਜਨਮ 15 ਅਪ੍ਰੈਲ, 1469 ਦੱਸਦੇ ਹਨ| ਪਰੰਪਰਾਤਮਕ ਤੌ ‘ਤ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਦਾ ਜਨਮ-ਪੁਰਬ ਕੱਤਕ ਦੀ ਪੂਰਨਮਾਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਹੀ ਮਨਾਇਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ|

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