Spiritual
GURU AMAR DAS: A GREAT LIBERATOR OF WOMEN

Sri Guru Amar Das Ji was born on Baisakh Sudi 14, 1636 Bikrami i.e. May 5, 1479 at Basarke Gillan village, which is about 13 kms. southwest from Amritsar, in district Amritsar, Punjab. In his fond memory, in this village at his birth place Gurdwara Sri Janam Asthan Sri Guru Amar Das Ji has been established. His paternal great grandfather Vishan Das Ji belonged to Bhalla Khatri family and was a shopkeeper at village Basarke. His son Harji had a son named Tej Bhan Ji who was blessed with four sons among whom Amar Das Ji was the eldest. Amar Das Ji's mother, Bibi Bakht Kaur Ji was a very religious lady and instilled a religious fervour in him in early childhood.

BABA BANDA SINGH BAHADUR AND THE FATEH DIVAS

Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji (1670-1716), a brave Sikh warrior and

founder of the Sikh Rule in Punjab was born on October 27, 1670 at Rajauri in

Punchh District of Jammu and Kashmir. His early name was Lachhman Dev. His

father Ram Dev Ji, a Rajput farmer trained him in martial arts in early childhood.

At the age of fifteen, the sight of a dying pregnant doe during one of his

hunting excursions made him leave his home as penitence and become an

ascetic.

Paying Obeisance to Sri Guru Angad Dev on his 518th Birth Anniversary

The second prophet-teacher of the Sikhs, first known as Lahina Ji and then named 'Angad' by Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born on Baisakh Vadi 1, Sammat 1561 Bikrami which corresponded with 31 March, 1504. His father Bhai Pheru Ji also known as Bhai Pheru Mal Ji, a Trehan Khatri by caste lived in the village 'Matte Di Sarai', now known as 'Sarai Nanga' 16 kms north-east from Muktsar, the district headquarter of the present day district Muktsar of Punjab.

SHAIKH FARID -- the first recorded poet in the Punjabi language

Sheikh Farid a Sufi mystic and teacher, who is also known to be the first recorded poet in the Punjabi language is one of the 15 Bhagats whose hymns Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji included in Sri Adi Granth Sahib. In compiling Sri Adi Granth Sahib Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in addition to the hymns of his predecessor Sikh Gurus and his own hymns included the hymns of 15 Bhagats, 11 Bhatts and four others closely associated with the Sikh Gurus. 

Bhagat Namdev Ji -A Sikh Bhagat

Bhagat Namdev Ji also spelled as Nam Dev Ji, his full name being Namdev Damaji Relekar is one of the 15 Bhagats whose hymns Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji included in Sri Adi Granth Sahib. In compiling Sri Adi Granth Sahib Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in addition to the hymns of his predecessor Sikh Gurus and his own hymns included the hymns of 15 Bhagats, 11 Bhatts and four others closely associated with the Sikh Gurus. These 15 Bhagats include (i) Bhagat Jaidev Ji (ii) Sheikh Farid Ji (iii) Bhagat Trilochan Ji (iv) Bhagat Namdev Ji (v) Bhagat Sadhna Ji (vi) Bhagat Ramanand Ji (vii) Bhagat Ravidas Ji (viii) Bhagat Kabir Ji (ix) Bhagat Sain Ji (x) Bhagat Dhanna Ji (xi) Bhagat Pipa Ji (xii) Bhagat Beni Ji (xiii) Bhagat Bhikhan Ji (xiv) Bhagat Sur Das Ji and (xv) Bhagat Parmanand Ji.

Baisakhi : Celebration of Birth of Khalsa

Baisakhi is celebrated on the first day of the solar month of Baisakh. It is termed as 'Baisakhi' because as per astrological calculations at this time the moon passes through visakha naksatra or constellation of the Indian calendar. This festival falls when the farmers have just finished the harvesting of the wheat crop. In the Sikh history, the celebration of Baisakhi can be traced back to the time of Sri Guru Amar Das Ji (1479-1574), the Third Guru of the Sikhs i.e. to more than 470 years. As per historical records, a group of Sikhs
under the leadership of Bhai Paro, who had received initiation at the hands of Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (1504-1552) the Second Guru of the Sikhs, suggested to Sri Guru Amar Das Ji to start an annual congregation fair of the Sikhs.

BHAGAT RAMANAND JI

Ramanand Ji also spelled as Ramananda Ji son of Bhuri Karam Ji and Shasila Ji
was born at Prayag, Allahabad in a Kanyakubja Brahman family. According to The
Encyclopaedia of Sikhism published by Punjabi University, Patiala he was born in
1300 AD. However, according to Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha he was born in 1366 AD.
Sukhdev Singh Shant and Sarbjinder Singh have also given his date of birth as 1366
AD.

CHHOTA GHALLUGHARA (The Minor Holocaust) MARTYRDOM OF 40,000 SIKHS DURING MARCH-JUNE, 1746

The Sikh history of the 16th, 17th and 18th century is replete with atrocities impinged on the Sikhs by the Mughal and Afghan invaders and their descendents who ruled India.In the blood-stained pages of Sikh history (i) Chhota Ghallughara (Minor Holocaust) which occurred during March-June 1746 and (ii) Vadda Ghallughara (Major Holocaust) which took place on February 5, 1762, in each of which 40,000 Sikhs were killed presentexamples unparalleled in world history.

Holla Mahalla: A Colourful Festival of the Sikhs

Holla Mahalla, which is sometimes termed as ‘Holla’ is a Sikh festival. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666-1708) the tenth prophet-teacher of the Sikhs started Holla Mohalla a kind of March on Chet vadi 1 (the day after the full moon day), 1757 Bikrami of the lunar month of chet, the first desi month in the lunar calendar i.e. 22 February 1701 from Quilla Holgarh Sahib, Sri Anandpur Sahib, which now falls in Ropar District of
Punjab.

PAYING OBEISANCE TO SRI GURU HAR RAI SAHIB ON HIS 392ND BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib (1630-1661) the seventh Guru of the Sikh faith was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib in District Ropar of Punjab. He was the son of Baba Gurditta Ji (1613-1638) and grandson of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib (1595-1644) the sixth Guru of the Sikh faith. This year his birth anniversary is being celebrated on February 1 all over the world. In 1640, he was married to Bibi Sulakkhni Ji, daughter of Bhai Daya Ram Ji of Anupshahr in District Bulandshahr of Uttar Pradesh. From very early childhood he was deeply religious minded and was gentle by nature. He was Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib’s favourite grandchild. An oft quoted incident of his childhood is that one day while he was returning from his riding exercise, on the way he saw Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib

PAYING OBEISANCE TO 40,000 SIKH MARTYRS WHO SACRIFICED THEIR LIVES ON FEB 5, 1762 FOR THE SAKE OF THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEF (VADDA GHALLUGHARA - THE BIGGER HOLOCAUST)

Ahmad Shah Abdali was a poor pathan who by enhancing his power after conquering Kandhar, brought Balkh, Sindh, Punjab and Kashmir under his control. He invaded India eight times during 1747 to 1767 and his sixth invasion which he undertook on February 5, 1762 was to annihilate the Sikhs. During this invasion his Afghan army joined by Mughal army of Sirhind and Malerkotla killed approximately 40,000 Sikhs in a single day i.e. February 5, 1762. These three armies simultaneously attacked Sikhs at different places in and around the villages Kup-Rahira in District Sangrur of Punjab. During this invasion to annihilate the Sikhs Abdali launched a large scale massacre which is termed as Vadda Ghallughara.

A SIKH BHAGAT :BHAGAT SUR DAS Ji

Bhagat Sur Das Ji also spelled as Bhagat Surdas Ji, son of Pandit Ravidas Ji is one of the medieval Bhagat poets who was honoured by Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji by including his one line in Raag Sarang in Sri Adi Granth Sahib (SGGS, Page 1253). In compiling Sri Adi Granth Sahib, the Holy Scripture Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in addition to the hymns of his four predecessor Sikh Gurus and his own hymns included the hymns of 15 bhagats, 11 Bhatts and four others closely associated with the Sikh Gurus. These fifteen Bhagats include (i) Bhagat Jaidev Ji (ii) Sheikh Farid Ji (iii) Bhagat Trilochan Ji (iv) Bhagat Namdev Ji (v) Bhagat Sadhna Ji (vi) Bhagat Ramanand Ji (vii) Bhagat Ravidas Ji (viii) Bhagat Kabir Ji (ix) Bhagat Sain Ji (x) Bhagat Dhanna Ji (xi) Bhagat Pipa Ji (xii) Bhagat Beni Ji (xiii) Bhagat Bhikhan Ji (xiv) Bhagat Sur Das Ji and (xv) Bhagat Parmanand Ji. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666-1708) gave this Holy Scripture the final form by including 2 the hymns of the ninth prophet-teacher of the Sikhs Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib and thereby gave this Holy Scripture the name Sri Guru Granth Sahib which is the eternal Guru of the Sikhs. 

BABA DIP SINGH JI SHAHID : A GREAT LIBERATOR OF RELIGIOUS PLACES

Holding a khanda (double-edged sword) in his right hand and his severed head in his left hand Baba Dip Singh Ji (1682-1757) sacrified his life fighting against oppression for the liberation of Sri Harimandar Sahib, Amritsar. He was born on January 26, 1682 in Pahuwind village, which is 40 kms south-west of Amritsar and falls in District Tarn Taran of Punjab. His parents Bhai Bhagta Ji and Mata Jiuni Ji were very religious minded. They nick-named him as ‘Deepa’. His father belonged to Kharra sub-caste of Jat Sikhs and was a farmer. As a small child Dip Singh Ji fell seriously ill and his mother while praying to God for his recovery prayed that her son should not die of illness and may rather die as a martyr. Her prayer bore fruit and martyr did he become at the age of 75 years.

SARBANS DANEE : SRI GURU GOBIND SINGH JI

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666-1708) the Tenth Master of the Sikhs, reverently known as 'Sarbans Danee' i.e. a person who sacrificed his 'sarbans' (whole family) for helping the oppressed and protecting a person's right to profess the religion of his own choice. He was born the only son of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib and Mata Gujri Ji on Poh Sudi 7 (23 Poh) Saturday, 1723 Bikrimi i.e. 22 December, 1666 at Patna Sahib, Bihar. At this site now stands the sacred shrine Takht Sri Harimandir Sahib which is one of the Five Takhts, the most honoured seats close to the hearts of Sikhs.

Bhagat Ravidas Ji: An Ascetic and a Social Reformer A SIKH BHAGAT : DHAN DHAN BHAGAT DHANNA JI! An Unprescedented Martyrdom : Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji Sis Yatra of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib : Voyage of the Severed Sacred Head SRI GURU TEGH BAHADUR SAHIB : A PROPHET AND MARTYR -346th MARTYRDOM DAY ON DECMEBER 8, 2021 SULTANPUR LODHI : A SACRED PLACE FOR THE SIKHS Paying Obeisance to Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji : A Prophet and a Great Social Reformer on His 552nd Birth Anniversary SIKH HISTORY: Exemplary courage and conviction of the Char Sahibzade Happy Bandi Chhor Divas! Happy Diwali! Bhagat Sain Ji 5 countries where Durga Puja is celebrated like India The purpose of life is to be happy: The Dalai Lama BHAGAT SADHNA JI Punjabi Devotional And Spiritual Aarti - Gagan Main Thaal SARADHS ARE FORBIDDEN IN SIKH RELIGION Ganesha-the supreme lord of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune. Sikh Bhagats : Bhagat Jaidev Ji Sikh Bhagats: Bhagat Pipa Ji Remembering Bhagat Kabir Ji PAYING OBEISANCE TO THE MARTYRS OF THE MASSACRE AT SRI NANKANA SAHIB ON FEBRUARY 21,1921 Paying Obeisance to Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib on His 365 th Birth Anniversary on August 2, 2021 PAYING OBEISANCE TO SHAHEED BHAI TAROO SINGH JI (1720-1745) ON HIS MARTYRDOM DAY. July 16, 2021 Why did Bhishma not use Chakravyuh in Mahabharata? Did Mahabharata or Ramayana really happen? Did it have Europeans or Middle Eastern in it? Krishna is supreme, then why Vishnu is worshipped instead? King Shantanu was a normal human, then how he could bless Bhishma with wish-long life? Mool Mantar-The Entire Theology Of Sikhism Sikh Bhagats: Bhagat Pipa Ji Holla Mahalla: A Colourful Festival of the Sikhs BHAGAT RAVIDAS JI : AN ASCETIC AND A SOCIAL REFORMER